While the subcontracting model used for New Zealand’s Ultra-Fast Broadband (UFB) network was appropriate to meet the uptick of fibre deployment, as was the use of migrant workers. A review has found that Chorus, Visionstream, and UCG did not manage well or understand how this model became vulnerable to such a risk.
“There is evidence that the ‘UFB Connect’ part of the UFB work programme is where the model is exposed to breaches of labour standards and migrant exploitation,” the review by MartinJenkins said.
“These problems relate to services delivered by two of the service companies, Visionstream and UCG, through a range of subcontracted delivery partners.”
In October, the Labour Inspectorate arm of Employment New Zealand announced it had completed 75 visits alongside Immigration New Zealand and Inland Revenue in June of 2018 and identified 73 subcontractors in Auckland in breach of minimum employment standards.
The MartinJenkins report said that number represented one in five subcontracting companies involved in UFB Connect, and after further work by Chorus, VisionStream, and UCG, that number was closer to one in three, with 109 companies being examined in total.
“This was sufficient for us to form a view that there was potentially a systemic issue that needed to be addressed,” the report said.
The report said Chorus relied too heavily on its Australian service companies, Visionstream and UCG, to manage worker risk and the contracts only forced to pair to meet legal minimums.
“Within the past two years, both Visionstream’s and UCG’s workforce have rapidly grown, predominantly through an increased use of Indian and Filipino workers,” the report stated.
“Despite this growth, Visionstream’s and UCG’s practices were not sophisticated enough to protect workers in their contracted supply chain from exploitation.
“Adequate protection would have included addressing migrant workers’ fear that complaining about labour standards could threaten their right to work in New Zealand.”
In response to the review, Chorus said it and its partners would “step up” to identify and mitigate risks.
“We underestimated that risk as it emerged, instead focusing on productivity, health and safety and quality. When issues arose we relied too heavily on the assurances given, which are not appropriate checks in a situation where there are a large numbers of migrants,” Chorus CEO Kate McKenzie said.
The company said it would: Require its service companies to appoint people, independent of delivery teams, to ensure subcontractors comply with labour laws; review what companies are paid for task completion and the process used when a job is substandard; require Visionstream and UCG to enforce minimum business standards for subcontractors, as well as provide support services to them; start an on-boarding program for migrant workers; require statutory declarations of compliance from all subcontractors; and establish an ongoing audit program.
Chorus further said it would commit to publishing and regularly reinforcing worker rights and welfare, create a portal to help workers understand their rights, help to transfer visas of workers if required, and establish a trust find to certain workers who cannot secure payment from their employer.
“While the report finds the vast majority of employment law breaches were low level, the way the supply chain is set up means it could still be vulnerable and this will be fixed,” Chorus chair Patrick Strange said.
Chorus said of the 109 companies identified between itself, the Labor Inspectorate, Visionstream, and UCG, 22 were blacklisted, suspended, had contracts terminated, or voluntary stopped working on UFB Connect; 41 were in a “remediation process”; 17 were being audited by the service companies; and 30 were found to be compliant.
“The investigations found that contracting employers were failing to maintain employment records, pay employees’ minimum wage, holiday entitlements, and provide employment agreements,” Workplace Relations and Safety Minister Iain Lees-Galloway said in October.
“This is simply not acceptable and it is not welcome in New Zealand workplaces.”
Visionstream took on UFB work in October 2016 and gained installation work for 80% of the network, with the remaining 20% given to Broadspectrum and multi-dwelling unit expert UCG to be installed.
Meanwhile, New Zealand retailer Spark disclosed it had been fined NZ$675,000 for historical billing issues related to “incorrect implementation of a ‘welcome credit’ when joining Spark for some fibre broadband customers during 2016” and “a billing implementation issue relating to a 30-day notice period when customers left Spark”.
Court proceedings were brought on by the New Zealand Commerce Commission, with Speak pleading guilty to breaches to the Fair Trading Act.
Chorus trials 10Gbps broadband
Chorus gigabit broadband customers in Auckland and Wellington can apply to be among the first to trial a new 10Gbps-speed service.
Chorus reduces gigabit fibre wholesale price to 60 bucks
Chorus has announced that it will bring down wholesale pricing on its gigabit-speed fibre broadband service, saying it has now connected 500,000 customers to the network.
Nokia and Chorus upgrade New Zealand’s copper broadband
Nokia has deployed its VDSL2 vectoring technology across Chorus’ legacy copper network to enable speeds of up to 130Mbps.
Spark NZ tests 5G autonomous car
A self-driving car connected to Spark’s trial 5G network is being tested in Auckland’s Innovation Precinct.
Removing hierarchy to spark innovation within the New Zealand government
The innovation lab is charged with helping government agencies develop products and services that actually benefit citizens.
Huawei could still be in play for 5G in New Zealand and United Kingdom
New Zealand’s prime minister won’t rule out that Huawei tech could still be used in an internet upgrade across her country if unnamed risks can be mitigated.
The Real Reason America Banned The Land Rover Defender
The 1993 Land Rover Defender 110 was sold in the United States, but it was extensively modified to meet the safety regulations required by the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT). Unlike the models that were sold abroad, the U.S. version of the Land Rover Defender 110 was fitted with brush guards, a roof rack, an external roll cage, and an air conditioning system (via Autoweek). The Land Rover Defender 90 was introduced to the North American market the next year to replace the 110 models.
As fate would have it, Land Rover’s dream to continue selling the Defender 90 in the United States was cut short in 1998 when new airbag regulations came into effect. As per the regulation, all new vehicles sold in the United States were to be fitted with airbags on the front passenger and driver seats. Ironically, Land Rover installed dual airbags in other models that were available in the North American market, like the Discovery (via the IIHS). The Defender wasn’t given the same treatment, so it was ultimately banned because it couldn’t meet the safety regulations.
The Incredible And Controversial Evolution Of Elon Musk’s Neuralink
During a 2021 interview with the Wall Street Journal, Musk outlined his desire to put a Neuralink chip in a person at some point in 2022. During the interview, Musk described the device as “safe,” “reliable,” and “something that can be removed safely.” Musk again confirmed the first patients the device would be tested on would be people who suffer from serious, debilitating spinal cord injuries such as quadriplegics and tetraplegics (people who have lost the ability to voluntarily control the movement of multiple limbs). The world’s richest man went on to say he is “cautiously optimistic” about Neuralink’s chances of success.
Although Neuralink is still waiting for FDA approval, some of the company’s direct rivals have been given the green light to proceed with human testing. New York-based Synchron Inc., which has been around since 2012, got the go-ahead in 2021 and announced the enrollment of their first patient in early May 2022 (via Businesswire). Like Neuralink, Synchron is developing a product that will allow the human brain to interface with existing electronic devices. Synchron also intends to use its device to improve the lives of people with debilitating medical conditions. So Neuralink may one day change the world, but there’s a good chance another company will get there first.
Apple’s New Privacy Commercial Puts Data Brokers On Notice
Since then, we’ve seen a number of other options added, some of which this new commercial — called, simply, “Data Auction” — calls out. Some are active, like Intelligent Tracking Prevention in Safari, which when activated will use machine learning to figure out what in websites is functional and what is for tracking, and then block the latter. More recently, it has also gained the ability to hide your IP address, too.
That’s something Mail Privacy Protection does as well, as well as blocking the so-called “invisible pixels” which can report back to data brokers whether or not you opened an email. Obscuring location in a more granular way is something Apple has been exploring for a while now: iOS 14, for example, introduced the ability to share approximate location with apps and sites. Rather than giving exact coordinates, it narrows your position down to a roughly 10 square mile zone; enough to get local recommendations and news, but nothing more specific.
Other additions have focused more on awareness. App Privacy Report, for example, shows which apps have tapped which hardware and software permissions on your iPhone and iPad, including a list of the domains that app might be contacting in the background. Safari Privacy Report does much the same thing, only for website trackers.
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