Over the past two weeks, hackers have published thousands of valid Ring camera account credentials on hacking forums and the dark web.
In most cases, they did it to gain a reputation in the hacking community, but also “for the giggles,” in the hopes that someone else would hack Ring users, hijack their accounts, play pranks, or record users in their homes.
These lists of credentials were compiled using a technique called credentials stuffing. Hackers used special tools and apps that took usernames and passwords leaked via data breaches at other sites and tested their validity against Ring’s account system.
The username-password combos that matched, they published online. In some cases, hackers also published the tools they used, to let other hackers have a go themselves.
BuzzFeed reported yesterday about a list of 3,600+ Ring accounts. TechCrunch reported on another list of 1,500 Ring accounts. ZDNet also received the list that TechCrunch received.
The person who tipped ZDNet said he notified Ring of the issue earlier this week, and the company began resetting passwords and notifying customers.
ZDNet also received links to three other instances where hackers had compiled lists of credentials for Ring accounts, which they dumped online to boost their reputation among their peers.
Two of those lists were taken down by the service provider where they were uploaded. The last was a list claiming to hold credentials for 100,000 Ring accounts.
ZDNet shared the list with Ring’s security team. The company said that of the 100,000 credentials only 4,000 entries were for valid Ring accounts. The company wasn’t aware of this particular list but said they’ve already reset passwords and notified account owners in the past, suggesting that other hackers had identified these same accounts in the past.
The origin of this data was also without a doubt from credential stuffing. All the emails ZDNet tested had been included in breaches at other services.
We tested many against the Have I Been Pwned service, and they were all listed in various breaches were combinations of emails and passwords had been leaked in the past.
Some of the Ring users from the list who we contacted confirmed they reused passwords. Some said they changed passwords on their own after reading about hacks of Ring security cameras online, on various sites. Some were still using the passwords and proceeded to change them after we reached out.
Furthermore, the hacker who published the list f 100k accounts also previously published a “Ring config” for OpenBullet, a tool that is used for automating credential stuffing attacks.
The list of 100k Ring accounts was published online on December 11, the same day that Vice published an article about the appearance of tools for hacking Ring accounts on underground hacking communities.
The next day, Vice published a report on how hackers were using these tools to break into accounts, and then scare, prank, and record Ring camera users in their homes, recordings which they were later sharing in a Discord chatroom, part of a podcast named Nulledcast.
These two articles, and the others that followed detailing Ring camera hacks, spurred interest on hacking forums in Ring-related hacks.
Messages posted on various underground forums showed that users began soliciting and sharing lists of valid Ring user credentials, and the tools to test and hijack accounts.
Hackers shared these lists encouraging others to record Ring owners through their Ring camera, and share the recording “for the giggles.”
Others simply shared lists for no reason than to sustain or boost their reputation, justifying it saying they always “deliver” what the community wants or asks.
Cracked and Nulled, the two forums at the heart of the two Vice articles, banned any Ring-related topic last week, in an effort to prevent drawing law enforcement inquiries, although the two forums host other illegal or hacked content.
However, there are currently other online forums that have no problem in harboring hackers who continue to trade in Ring-related hacking tools and compromised accounts.
A Ring spokesperson told ZDNet yesterday that there was no breach of its internal servers, and from its side, the accounts are compromised due to credential stuffing attacks and because of users reusing passwords across online services.
The company published last week a blog post with basic advice on how Ring camera owners could secure their accounts and prevent hackers from easily hijacking accounts.
In a follow-up report this week, Vice said Ring could do better by adding additional security and safety features to its Ring user accounts system, such as support for a CAPTCHA to prevent automated attacks, or an indicator when more than one person is logged into an account, to help users detect intrusions.
Ring is not the only company that has poor protection against credential stuffing attacks. Disney+ has a similar problem, and probably worse — since it doesn’t offer two-factor authentication, as opposed to Ring.
Ring is also dealing with a PR crisis right now due to a tad bit too close collaboration with US law enforcement that has rubbed many of its customers the wrong way.
The Five Pillars of (Azure) Cloud-based Application Security
This 1-hour webinar from GigaOm brings together experts in Azure cloud application migration and security, featuring GigaOm analyst Jon Collins and special guests from Fortinet, Director of Product Marketing for Public Cloud, Daniel Schrader, and Global Director of Public Cloud Architecture and Engineering, Aidan Walden.
These interesting times have accelerated the drive towards digital transformation, application rationalization, and migration to cloud-based architectures. Enterprise organizations are looking to increase efficiency, but without impacting performance or increasing risk, either from infrastructure resilience or end-user behaviors.
Success requires a combination of best practice and appropriate use of technology, depending on where the organization is on its cloud journey. Elements such as zero-trust access and security-driven networking need to be deployed in parallel with security-first operations, breach prevention and response.
If you are looking to migrate applications to the cloud and want to be sure your approach maximizes delivery whilst minimizing risk, this webinar is for you.
Data Management and Secure Data Storage for the Enterprise
This free 1-hour webinar from GigaOm Research brings together experts in data management and security, featuring GigaOm Analyst Enrico Signoretti and special guest from RackTop Systems, Jonathan Halstuch. The discussion will focus on data storage and how to protect data against cyberattacks.
Most of the recent news coverage and analysis of cyberattacks focus on hackers getting access and control of critical systems. Yet rarely is it mentioned that the most valuable asset for the organizations under attack is the data contained in these systems.
In this webinar, you will learn about the risks and costs of a poor data security management approach, and how to improve your data storage to prevent and mitigate the consequences of a compromised infrastructure.
CISO Podcast: Talking Anti-Phishing Solutions
Simon Gibson earlier this year published the report, “GigaOm Radar for Phishing Prevention and Detection,” which assessed more than a dozen security solutions focused on detecting and mitigating email-borne threats and vulnerabilities. As Gibson noted in his report, email remains a prime vector for attack, reflecting the strategic role it plays in corporate communications.
Earlier this week, Gibson’s report was a featured topic of discussions on David Spark’s popular CISO Security Vendor Relationship Podcast. In it, Spark interviewed a pair of chief information security officers—Mike Johnson, CISO for SalesForce, and James Dolph, CISO for Guidewire Software—to get their take on the role of anti-phishing solutions.
“I want to first give GigaOm some credit here for really pointing out the need to decide what to do with detections,” Johnson said when asked for his thoughts about selecting an anti-phishing tool. “I think a lot of companies charge into a solution for anti-phishing without thinking about what they are going to do when the thing triggers.”
As Johnson noted, the needs and vulnerabilities of a large organization aligned on Microsoft 365 are very different from those of a smaller outfit working with GSuite. A malicious Excel macro-laden file, for example, poses a credible threat to a Microsoft shop and therefore argues for a detonation solution to detect and neutralize malicious payloads before they can spread and morph. On the other hand, a smaller company is more exposed to business email compromise (BEC) attacks, since spending authority is often spread among many employees in these businesses.
Gibson’s radar report describes both in-line and out-of-band solutions, but Johnson said cloud-aligned infrastructures argue against traditional in-line schemes.
“If you put an in-line solution in front of [Microsoft] 365 or in front of GSuite, you are likely decreasing your reliability, because you’ve now introduced this single point of failure. Google and Microsoft have this massive amount of reliability that is built in,” Johnson said.
So how should IT decision makers go about selecting an anti-phishing solution? Dolph answered that question with a series of questions of his own:
“Does it nail the basics? Does it fit with the technologies we have in place? And then secondarily, is it reliable, is it tunable, is it manageable?” he asked. “Because it can add a lot overhead, especially if you have a small team if these tools are really disruptive to the email flow.”
Dolph concluded by noting that it’s important for solutions to provide insight that can help organizations target their protections, as well as support both training and awareness around threats. Finally, he urged organizations to consider how they can measure the effectiveness of solutions.
“I may look at other solutions in the future and how do I compare those solutions to the benchmark of what we have in place?”
Listen to the Podcast: CISO Podcast
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