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New North Korean malware targeting ATMs spotted in India

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ATM wiretapping and jackpotting on the rise in the US
Drills are the weapon of choice for criminals who spy on your activities at the cash point.

North Korean hackers have developed and have been observed using a new malware strain that can be planted on ATM systems and used to record and steal data from payment cards inserted into a machine.

Named ATMDtrack, this new malware has been spotted on the networks of Indian banks since late summer 2018, Kaspersky experts said in a report published today.

Newer attacks have also targeted Indian research centers with a more potent and expanded version of the same malware, named DTrack, which focuses on spying and data theft, rather than financial crime, and comes with features normally found in remote access trojan (RAT).

Links to North Korea’s biggest state hacker group

Kaspersky researchers said both malware strains, which they collectively track as the DTrack family, had many similarities with malware used in “Operation DarkSeoul,” which is a series of attacks aimed against South Korean targets in 2013.

Those attacks have been attributed to the Lazarus Group, a well-known cyber-espionage outfit operating at the behest of the North Korean government.

The Lazarus Group is one of the three North Korean hacker groups that have been sanctioned by the US Treasury ten days ago for orchestrating cyber-attacks on banks, ATM networks, gambling sites, online casinos, and cryptocurrency exchanges to steal money from legitimate businesses and raise funds for the country’s weapons and missile programs.

In other words, the discovery of the ATMDTrack malware strain comes to support and justify the US Treasury’s decision to sanction any entities associated with this group, fitting right into Lazarus’ normal mode of operation.

DTrack malware spotted as recently as this month

Furthermore, DTrack appears to be one of the Lazarus Group’s most recent creations. First deployed in the late summer of 2018, Kaspersky said the most recent samples have been seen active as recent as this month, September 2019.

Recent DTrack samples can perform the following operations:

  • Keylogging,
  • Retrieve browser history,
  • Gather host IP addresses, information about available networks and active connections,
  • List running processes,
  • List files on all available disk volumes.

Based on currently available information, it is unclear if DTrack evolved from ATMDTrack, or if ATMDTrack was developed from the main DTrack strain when North Korean hackers managed to breach Indian backs last year and needed a specialized tool to target ATMs.



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Security

The Five Pillars of (Azure) Cloud-based Application Security

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This 1-hour webinar from GigaOm brings together experts in Azure cloud application migration and security, featuring GigaOm analyst Jon Collins and special guests from Fortinet, Director of Product Marketing for Public Cloud, Daniel Schrader, and Global Director of Public Cloud Architecture and Engineering, Aidan Walden.

These interesting times have accelerated the drive towards digital transformation, application rationalization, and migration to cloud-based architectures. Enterprise organizations are looking to increase efficiency, but without impacting performance or increasing risk, either from infrastructure resilience or end-user behaviors.

Success requires a combination of best practice and appropriate use of technology, depending on where the organization is on its cloud journey. Elements such as zero-trust access and security-driven networking need to be deployed in parallel with security-first operations, breach prevention and response.

If you are looking to migrate applications to the cloud and want to be sure your approach maximizes delivery whilst minimizing risk, this webinar is for you.

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Data Management and Secure Data Storage for the Enterprise

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This free 1-hour webinar from GigaOm Research brings together experts in data management and security, featuring GigaOm Analyst Enrico Signoretti and special guest from RackTop Systems, Jonathan Halstuch. The discussion will focus on data storage and how to protect data against cyberattacks.

Most of the recent news coverage and analysis of cyberattacks focus on hackers getting access and control of critical systems. Yet rarely is it mentioned that the most valuable asset for the organizations under attack is the data contained in these systems.

In this webinar, you will learn about the risks and costs of a poor data security management approach, and how to improve your data storage to prevent and mitigate the consequences of a compromised infrastructure.

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CISO Podcast: Talking Anti-Phishing Solutions

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Simon Gibson earlier this year published the report, “GigaOm Radar for Phishing Prevention and Detection,” which assessed more than a dozen security solutions focused on detecting and mitigating email-borne threats and vulnerabilities. As Gibson noted in his report, email remains a prime vector for attack, reflecting the strategic role it plays in corporate communications.

Earlier this week, Gibson’s report was a featured topic of discussions on David Spark’s popular CISO Security Vendor Relationship Podcast. In it, Spark interviewed a pair of chief information security officers—Mike Johnson, CISO for SalesForce, and James Dolph, CISO for Guidewire Software—to get their take on the role of anti-phishing solutions.

“I want to first give GigaOm some credit here for really pointing out the need to decide what to do with detections,” Johnson said when asked for his thoughts about selecting an anti-phishing tool. “I think a lot of companies charge into a solution for anti-phishing without thinking about what they are going to do when the thing triggers.”

As Johnson noted, the needs and vulnerabilities of a large organization aligned on Microsoft 365 are very different from those of a smaller outfit working with GSuite. A malicious Excel macro-laden file, for example, poses a credible threat to a Microsoft shop and therefore argues for a detonation solution to detect and neutralize malicious payloads before they can spread and morph. On the other hand, a smaller company is more exposed to business email compromise (BEC) attacks, since spending authority is often spread among many employees in these businesses.

Gibson’s radar report describes both in-line and out-of-band solutions, but Johnson said cloud-aligned infrastructures argue against traditional in-line schemes.

“If you put an in-line solution in front of [Microsoft] 365 or in front of GSuite, you are likely decreasing your reliability, because you’ve now introduced this single point of failure. Google and Microsoft have this massive amount of reliability that is built in,” Johnson said.

So how should IT decision makers go about selecting an anti-phishing solution? Dolph answered that question with a series of questions of his own:

“Does it nail the basics? Does it fit with the technologies we have in place? And then secondarily, is it reliable, is it tunable, is it manageable?” he asked. “Because it can add a lot overhead, especially if you have a small team if these tools are really disruptive to the email flow.”

Dolph concluded by noting that it’s important for solutions to provide insight that can help organizations target their protections, as well as support both training and awareness around threats. Finally, he urged organizations to consider how they can measure the effectiveness of solutions.

“I may look at other solutions in the future and how do I compare those solutions to the benchmark of what we have in place?”

Listen to the Podcast: CISO Podcast

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